FOF is based on 5 principles developed by the original researcher, Dr. Crosby. The 5 principles are:
1. Unconditional respect for men: This principle permeates the entire intervention. Peer Health Advisors must show clients unconditional respect regardless of whether the past decisions they have made are compatible with the Peer Health Advisors' values. This also means that the Peer Health Advisor needs to be respected by clients and clinic staff.
2. Options and know how: Key to the intervention is teaching men how to correctly use a condom and giving them a wide option of high-end and popular condoms to try at home in order to find one with the right fit and feel. They will also be given water-based lubricant to take home and try.
3. Practice is good: It is important that clients get to practice putting a condom on a penile model until they have done it properly 3 or 4 times and that they get to practice this skill at their own pace.
4. Condoms can feel better: The Peer Health Advisor needs to sexualize condoms, conveying that they are compatible with sexual pleasure and can make sex feel better. This is done by finding a condom with the right fit, adding moisture, studding, and ribbing, as well as giving clients the peace of mind that they are protecting themselves from STDs and HIV.
5. Protect our future: This principle relates to clients protecting their own futures and the future of their communities. Some clients may feel defeated and that they do not have valuable futures. It is important that the Peer Health Advisor conveys that the clients have futures ahead of them and they can ensure they are healthy by making positive and informed decisions. Peer Health Advisors can do this by not challenging the wisdom of the clients' past choices—the focus should be on the future and never on the past. FOF also places an emphasis on the high rates of HIV amongst the African American community and the importance of the client protecting his community's future.